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تاريخ التسجيل : 07/05/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: 0000 Salah al-Din 00 ethics 00 knight 00 Muslim 0000   الإثنين يوليو 20, 2009 9:09 am


Sultan Saladin
Quirk of fate, the Saladin Ministry Add the Fatimid caliph, year (564 e = 1168), successor to his uncle "Asaduddin Cerkoh" who did not enjoy the ministry only a few months, and his assumption of office changed the date in the sixth century AH, the state fell in the agony of death the latter, and dying, and carried the state flag of jihad against the Crusader Emirates in Syria, and recovered Jerusalem from the Mkhalbhm, he remained in captivity after about a century ago.

Salah al-Din, minister

Recent years have seen the life of the Fatimid state in Egypt heated struggle between the "consulted" and "lion" for the position of the ministry, not one of them will succeed in resolving the conflict in his favor, and the large monopoly position, each strongly Fastaan appointed Foreign Affairs to achieve the goal; Fastaan Basalepien lion, and the other light used Din Mahmoud Sultan of Aleppo, Vlby advocacy groups, and began their race for the exploitation of this conflict in favor of it, and the seizure of Egypt, are extremely important in extending their influence and hold dominion in that region.

The conflict ended with the elimination of two contestants in (564 e = 1168), and took "the lion of debt Cerkoh" the leader of the campaign office of the ministry Nourredine Add the Fatimid caliph, and then died not soon be succeeded in the ministry Cerkoh nephew Salah al-Din, who was in the thirty-second of his life.

Minister of State in Shiite Sunni

The discrepancy was that the doctrine of Sunni Salahuddin Ministry of the State of Shi'ite, and condemning at the same time loyal to Nur al-Din, Sultan of Aleppo Zanki of the Abbasid Caliphate State, in turn, his mission to prevent Egypt from falling into the hands of the Crusaders in its quest to return to the embrace of the Abbasid Caliphate.

It was not good for the religion of an earlier work or years of experience makes it easier to do this difficult task, but succeeded in their performance in an impressive manner, and appreciated, and the means used to achieve a new show over the intelligence and depth of insight, and good conduct, and the strength of understanding and awareness of the movement of history, preference for peaceful change on the other informed of the means of change, and create a climate so as not to clash with any hindrance.

In order to succeed in achieving Salahaddin aim was to strengthen the Sunni denomination of Egypt; so he could drop the Fatimid state, and the abolition of the Shi'ite Ismaili sect, and this task lasted for three years, in order to work during a careful and measured steps, separated Shiites judges, and replaced them with judges of the people of the year, and established a number of schools for the teaching of Sunni jurisprudence.

Even if found to be the right opportunity had been there, and that the territory is ready to announce the change, I offer a bold move, announced on Friday the first of the month of Muharram (e 567 = September 1171) the engagement is broken off the Fatimid caliph, who was sick and lieutenant of the bed, and make the Abbasid caliph, and that was a marked the end of the Fatimid state, and the beginning of a new era.

Islamic unity

Salah al-Din spent the first years after the fall of the Fatimid state in establishing the new State, and the extension of its influence and prestige on all parts, especially the adherents of the Fatimid state, and aides concerned by the crash, and the weakening of Ohsenhm Ismaili doctrine, Vahioa Salah al-Din, and masterminded the plots for the elimination of the fledgling nation by its promises to be brisk, The most such movements conspiracy "Yemeni architecture" for the elimination of Salah al-Din, and strife broke out in Aswan to the Fatimid rule, but those movements failed, Saladin was able to eliminate it completely.

After the death of "Nur al-Din Mahmoud," the year (569 e = 1174) had the opportunity to Salah al-Din, who has governed Egypt on behalf of, to look for the annexation to the wisdom of the Levant; to strengthen the Islamic unity, and unity of effort in preparation to stand in front of the Crusaders, and the liberation of the usurped land of their hands, Vanthz Astnejad opportunity to Damascus by a warlord, Fassar to Damascus, and was able to control without a fight years (570 e = 1174), and then to Hama, Homs and Baalbek, and then declared its independence from the House of Nur al-Din Mahmoud and affiliation to the Abbasid Caliphate, which awarded him the title of Sultan, and became governor of Egypt, and then resumed his campaign in the Levant (578 e = 1182), and succeeded in recruiting some of the cities of Aleppo and Shamia, and the entire northern Syria under his control, the governor of Mosul and pledged to send military aid if requested to do so.

It took hard work for the unification of the Islamic Front for more than ten years, a period of years (570 e = 1174) to one year (582 e = 1186), the period of full-time did not fully crusaders.

From victory to victory

Sure-Nasser Salah al-Din to the internal front, and fully documented in the strength and cohesion, and moved to the other step, and entered with all his might and energy to fighting the Crusaders, and played with them a series of battles culminated in victory, and then crowned his magnificent in the battle to them, "Hattin" Year (583 e = 1187 ), and the huge battle in which the families of the King of Jerusalem and the fortress of Karak Ornat the Governor and other senior leaders of the Crusaders.

As a result of this great victory, the crumbled cities and Crusader castles, and fell in the hands of Salah al-Din; resigned castle of Tiberias, Acre and fell, and then another, and Nablus, and Orsov, and Jaffa, Beirut and elsewhere, and the way is now clear that the opening of Jerusalem, the holy city Vhasr so surrendered and requested Salih, Salah al-Din entered the city denied in (27 Rajab 583 e = 2, October 1187), and he was a notable day in Islamic history.

Shaking Europe to recover the holy city to Muslims, and the shouts of their leaders to take revenge and reprisals from Muslims, the campaign sent their crusade is one of the strongest and most in number and equipment, and consisted of three armies, German, French and English armies succeeded in reaching the scene, while the sinking of the King of Germany in while crossing a river in Asia minor and included the rupture of his army.

Able to the French army led by "Philip August," to take the city of Acre from the Muslims, seized the English, led by his "Richard the Lion Heart," captured on the coast of Palestine from the "Pictures" to "Haifa"; a prelude to the restoration of Jerusalem, but failed to do so, and had to request of the peace, the peace was held between the parties, known in Ramle Bsaleh (22 of Sha'baan 588 = e 2, September 1192), and Richard King of France the right to return to his country.

The achievements of civilization

Many people think that Saladin occupied on the work of Jihad go to the affairs of the other civilization, and perhaps the image of a knight warrior Saladin had overshadowed the other aspects of his personality, Vokhvt some of the features Ksmadtha bright and luminous.

The first work of Ileghana Salahaddin Sunni support for the doctrine; the establishment of schools for the teaching of Sunni jurisprudence, the school for the teaching of the doctrine of Nasiriyah El-Shafei, and the school for the teaching of wheat cultivated Maliki jurisprudence, and called so; because it was distributed to teachers and students Maidyha and wheat, was suspended by the Nglh land, At the same time, short positions to eliminate the doctrine of the El-Shafei, and that was the cause of the spread of the doctrine in Egypt and its territories.

He came to prominence in the era of Salaheddin number of scientific and intellectual figures, such as the "judge who" died in (596 e = 1200), President of the Office of Construction and the Registrar Budaiya in writing, and Salah al-Din was consulted in matters of war and a more precise policy, and "Gen-Esfahani," who died in ( 597 e = 1201), and the literature, known in literature and history, and with the judge who was succeeded in the Court of the construction boom in Egypt, and this Court in similar jobs and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Salah al-Din and my building walls and fortifications and castles, the most famous of these is the "castle mountain"; for the seat of his government, a stronghold of the army, and an impregnable fortress can defend Cairo, Salah al-Din, however, was unable to complete construction during his reign, the castle remained the seat of government offices Egypt, until recently, and took Salahaddin Fostat and the military and the ruins of castles and Cairo, all shrouded in a wall 15 meters, and presentation of three meters, there is the towers, and still its remains in place today in the different views.

And settled administrative systems; Sultan was headed by the central government in the capital, followed by the Deputy Sultan;, a post created by the Salah al-Din to his representative in his absence, followed by the minister, and implement the policies of the State, followed by departmental staff, such as: "the Court considered" that oversees the affairs financial, and "the Office of Construction" and the correspondence and clerical work, and "the Court of the army" and the supervision of the affairs of the army, and "Office of the fleet," which by my Salahaddin careful to face the Crusaders, who were using the sea in the attack on the Islamic country, and singled out a budget particular, and entrusted to his brother just joined the fleet has been in several naval battles on the coast of Egypt and the Levant, including the fighting of the campaign Ornat on Mecca and Medina.

Salah al-Din and my social institutions which help people and relieve them of some trouble of life; did away with the taxes that were imposed on the pilgrims who are in Egypt, and pledged to spend on the poor and strangers taking refuge in mosques, and made it a mosque, "Ahmed Ibn Tulun," a haven for outsiders of Moroccans.

The famous Saladin Basmaanh and drifted to the peace; so is exemplary in that, the Crusaders after the surrender of a city well treated, and was tolerant of apparent sacrifice in the collection of its people, and Muslims to enter Jerusalem without bloodshed and the commission of sins is shining bright pages, contrary to the Alfranj committed by the Crusaders when they captured the city in (492 e = 1099) of its people kill unarmed Muslims were killed and thousands of them.

In the course of negotiations by the Ramle Magistrate's been between Muslims and Crusaders disease Sultan Saladin, and remained in bed, and then was Rabbo (27 from zero 589 e = 4, March 1193), and he was on his death-day was not kind of Islam and Muslims have since Caliphs.

As a successor had not died in drug money, and there is nothing in the vaults of gold and silver dinars, and only one, and forty-seven dirhams, and that was a clear indication of Zhdh and chastity and purity of the same hand
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